Abeokuta, Nigeria is located in the state of Ogun. Ogun is located in the southwestern part of Nigeria on the Ogun River. Abeokuta means "under the rocks" which fits perfectly for the area because the vast area of Abeokuta is situated in the middle of and surrounded by a rise of rocky terrain, known as the Olumo Rock, and has mud walls 18 mile long. The city and surrounding out laying area has a population of 593,140 (2005).
Abeokuta has very fertile land. The surface of the ground is chopped up by large masses of gray granite. The main articles of trade out of the city are: palm-oil, timber, rubber, yams, and shea-butter.
The city was founded in 1825. It was started by the slave hunters from Dahomey and Ibadan pushing the population of the village that was scattered over the open country to take refuge in the rocky areas surrounding the city. Once here the people constituted themselves "a free confederacy of many distinct groups, each preserving the traditional customs, religious rights, and even the name of their original villages". The first settlers of the area were of Egba ethnicity. Then a slight migration of Yoruba came to the city. In the 19th century Baptist and Anglican missionaries operated in the area. During the years of 1851 and 1864 the Abeokuta defeated the Dahomean slave hunters. In 1893 the Egba United government was recognized by the United Kingdom and in 1914 the city of Abeokuta was made part of Nigeria by the British.
Article Referenced from Wikipedia